Claude Monet (1840-1926) was a French painter and a pioneer of the Impressionist movement. He grew up in Le Havre and moved to Paris to study art. His early works were influenced by the realism of Courbet, but he soon embraced the Impressionist style, which focused on capturing the fleeting effects of light and color in outdoor settings. Monet's most famous works include his series of Water Lilies, Haystacks, and Rouen Cathedral. He was a master of color and his paintings are known for their vibrant brushwork and use of light. He also played a key role in the development of the Impressionist movement, organizing and participating in several of the group's exhibitions. Later in life, Monet struggled with poor eyesight, but continued to paint until his death in 1926. His work had a profound influence on the development of modern art, and his legacy continues to inspire artists to this day.