Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter and printmaker born on December 12, 1863. He is best known for his painting "The Scream", which has become an iconic image of modern anxiety. Munch's work is known for its dark, moody, and psychological intensity, with a focus on themes of isolation, death, and the human condition. His early life was marked by tragedy, with the loss of his mother and sister to tuberculosis, which heavily influenced his work. Munch was part of the Symbolist movement and developed a unique style that blended expressive brushwork with a sense of realism. He produced over 1,000 paintings, as well as numerous prints and drawings, throughout his career. Munch passed away on January 23, 1944, at the age of 80, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important artists of the 20th century.