The Pre-Raphaelite art movement emerged in England in the mid-19th century as a response to what its members saw as the artificiality of contemporary academic art. The group's name comes from its aim to return to the simplicity and sincerity of the art produced before the time of Raphael, the great Italian Renaissance artist. The Pre-Raphaelites sought to create works of art that were deeply personal and meaningful, rejecting the idealization of the human form that was popular in academic art at the time. They emphasized the use of bright, vivid colors and a high level of detail, often incorporating literary themes and symbols in their works. Some of the most famous Pre-Raphaelite artists include Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, and William Holman Hunt. Today, the Pre-Raphaelite movement is celebrated for its contribution to the development of modern art and its continuing influence on contemporary artists.