Neoclassicism was a European art movement that emerged in the late 18th century and lasted until the early 19th century. It was characterized by a return to the classical ideals of ancient Greece and Rome, with an emphasis on simplicity, clarity, and rationality.Neoclassical artists sought to create works that were timeless and universal, often featuring heroic or mythological subjects. They rejected the ornate, decorative styles of the Rococo and Baroque periods in favor of a more restrained and classical aesthetic.The movement had a significant impact on the visual arts, as well as on literature, music, and architecture. Its legacy can be seen in the work of many later movements, including the classical revival of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Neoclassicism's emphasis on reason, order, and clarity also influenced the development of Enlightenment thought and ideals.