The Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement that began in Italy in the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. It marked a period of renewed interest in classical learning and culture, and a desire to revive the artistic achievements of the ancient world. Renaissance art is characterized by a focus on realism, humanism, and the use of perspective to create the illusion of depth and space. Artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael created some of the most iconic works of art in history, from the Sistine Chapel ceiling to the Mona Lisa. The Renaissance had a profound impact on the development of Western art, setting the stage for many later artistic movements and establishing the foundations of modern art. Its legacy can be seen in the work of countless artists who continue to be inspired by the beauty and innovation of Renaissance art.